EMPIRE STATE LYME DISEASE ASSOCIATION

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Lyme tests are not accurate-2005 John Hopkins study

 

Articles on the Persistence and Virulence of Lyme

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Scroll down for Articles on Lyme Carditis, Abstracts and Cardiac symptoms from other tick-borne diseases

NOTE Carditis is described as a symptom in emedicine: emedicine.medscape.com > eMedicine Specialties > Rheumatology > Infectious Arthritis> Lyme Disease by John O Meyerhoff, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine; Clinical Scholar in Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Sinai Hospital of Baltimore Updated: Jul 24, 2009

Excerpt: The manifestations of Lyme disease have been divided into 3 stages: localized, disseminated, and persistent. The first 2 stages are part of the early infection, while persistent disease is considered late infection. Unlike syphilis, stage 3 disease may occur within 1 year of infection, not many years later. Certain manifestations of Lyme disease are more common in the United States, while others are more common in Europe.

The primary symptoms of stage 1 are erythema migrans and some associated symptoms. The primary symptoms of stage 2 include intermittent arthritis, cranial nerve palsies and radicular symptoms, atrioventricular (AV) nodal block, and severe malaise and fatigue. The primary symptoms of stage 3 include prolonged arthritis; chronic encephalitis, myelitis, and parapareses; and symptoms consistent with fibromyalgia. . . . . . .  . . . Carditis This usually manifests as fever and syncope due to AV block. The level of AV block varies and fluctuates so that the symptoms may be intermittent. The block rarely lasts longer than a week; a temporary pacemaker is rarely required.  Our note: on the side of caution, "rarely" does not mean never.

Full Articles:

Myocarditis in Children

Cardiac Involvement in Non-human Primates

Lyme Carditis Autopsy Report 

Abstracts:

Abstracts on Lyme Carditis are offered for more information. An abstract is helpful; however, to learn the full meaning of a study, the entire paper should be reviewed.

Abstracts on Lyme Carditis List

Lyme Carditis in children

Lyme Carditis: cardiac abnormalities of Lyme disease

Complete heart block due to Lyme Carditis.

Borrelia burgdorferi myocarditis

Molecular diagnosis of culture negative infective endocarditis

Borrelia infection as a cause of Carditis (a long-term study).

Update on Lyme Carditis.

Cardiac manifestations of Lyme disease. 

Fatal Pancarditis in a patient with coexistent Lyme disease and Babesiosis.

Carditis in Lyme disease susceptible and resistant strains of laboratory mice infected with Borrelia burgdorferi

Cardiac symptoms from other tick-borne diseases:

When to Suspect and How to Monitor Babesiosis

Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis Caused by Bartonella quintana

Bartonella Infections in Sweden 

Bartonella quintana endocarditis

Also see Barthold on Persistence for references to myocarditis and Carditis