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Nematodes in ticks?

  Nematode Spirochete Farmers 


    Ten Questions For Scientists


Nematode Spirochete Farmers 1/3/2011 

In 2000, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported that over a billion people are at risk for parasitic worm infections (filaria).  120 million people are infected with parasites in more than 80 countries (Africa, Asia, Central and South Americas, and the Pacific Islands). Of those infected, 44 million suffer filariasis symptoms. 

Nematodes are parasitic worms which receive nourishment and/or shelter from hosts. There is a theory that nematodes ‘farm’ smaller organisms like the Lyme Borrelia spirochetes, similar to the way we humans farm cows or chickens, feeding and protecting them so we can later eat them.  Nematodes may live symbiotically with spirochetes in humans! 

Ticks and other vectors harbor numerous parasites: large ones referred to as worms (filaria) and microscopic bacteria, viruses, protozoa, fungi and microfilaria.  Ticks in Connecticut and New York do carry nematodes according to Doctors Willy Burgdorfer, Eva Sapi, and Richard Ostfeld. 

Can worms destroy American health, as in WHO’s reported 80 countries, or as in our American pets?  The answer to the question, “Can nematodes wreak havoc as human parasites?” is supposedly unknown, at least in the USA.  Well, can nematodes prevent recovery from “chronic” Lyme and tick-borne diseases?  Puppies are de-wormed soon after they are born.  Dogs typically and quickly recover from Lyme disease after antibiotics, perhaps because of their early-life and subsequent regular de-worming; there are no nematodes harvesting spirochetes in their canine bodies.

If nematodes work against antibiotics by protecting and increasing spirochete population, then antibiotic therapy may eradicate ‘loose’ spirochetes but not those under nematode farmers’ protection.  If a nematode-Borrelia symbiotic relationship exists, Borrelia can screw its way out, escape the nematode farm, free to wreak havoc on us.

If nematodes are present, then a huge amount of antibiotics over a long period of time may only suppress bacterial growth.  Symptoms will be somewhat relieved, a modicum of health will be maintained, but there is no cure while nematodes live to raise new spirochetes. 

So for the duration, surviving nematodes will keep on farming.  Can this proposed process explain the cyclical nature of Lyme in certain cases?  Antibiotics destroy spirochetes, some nematodes starve and die, but survivor nematodes still farm.  A human host might suffer a relapse or flare-up if a bountiful harvest releases excess spirochetes into the body. 

Antibiotics relieve our symptoms by killing spirochetes.   Antibiotics also decrease the nematode’s food supply resulting in nematode starvation and death.  If enough spirochetes are destroyed and enough nematodes die of starvation, eventually there might be no one left to run the farm.  A patient recovers.

However if nematode filaria causes some chronic Lyme, it might be more prudent to stop the farmer.  Ivermectin causes starvation and death of nematodes by interfering with their ability to eat/digest.  Although antibiotics have been our primary defense, a doctor once told me Ivermectin was the best medicine for Lyme disease.  Interesting to note that since 1982, filariasis victims in WHO’s reported 80 countries were given millions of free doses of Ivermectin as part of a Global Health Initiative, but in the USA and Europe, it is typically not prescribed.  A surging idea is that all we need is to live healthy and take vitamins and supplements but I suspect that what would CURE chronic Lyme would be a remedy for the cause! 

Other causes may be virulent Borrelia, Mycoplasma, Morgellons, Candida, other Fungi, Molds, XMRV, (Xenotropic Murine Retrovirus) and/or other microbes or filaria.

The average chronic Lyme patient suffers a gradual decline into poverty and a lifetime of pain and debilitation.  Find the cause, treat and have compassion. 

Eva Haughie



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Ten Questions For Scientists 1-19-2011

1. Do nematodes have symbiotic relationships with spirochetes and/or with with other microbes, such as rickettsia, other bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, or even microfilaria?

2. Do bacteria and other microbes live in worms?

3. Do spirochetes create biofilms or do their nematode farmers create biofilms, as a nurturing protective 'farmland' to produce an optimum harvest?

4. Do other worms have symbiotic relationships with microbes?

5.  We worry about heartworm in our pets, but does heartworm cause heart attacks in humans?

6. What are the symptoms of Filarial worms other than river blindness?

7. Do the symptoms of Filaria overlap symptoms of Lyme disease, in other words could Filaria be a Third Great Imitator?

8. Do populations in other countries suffer from the same plethora of autoimmune diseases written down in our medical books and do other places have an overwhelming number of diagnosed cases as we have in the USA?

9. If they can manipulate genetics to produce 'helpful' nematodes, can or have they manipulated genetics to produce harmful nematodes?

10. WHY  . . . . . . . ?  In a doctor's office where they treat Lyme disease, one medical professional tells a patient that Ivermectin is the best medicine for Lyme disease, but then refuses to prescribe it for a reason stated as 'I can't because of politics.'  Then almost twenty years later, a second medical professional from the very same office admits to the patient that they did prescribe Ivermectin to patients, in fact, they did use it.  Then WHY  . . . . . . . ? 


Some tiny parasitic nematodes have evolved a remarkable skill: they farm bacteria for food, using the body (larva) of their parasitized insect host as the “soil” in which to cultivate the bacteria. The bacteria feed on the larva, killing it, and the nematodes feed on the bacteria. The bacteria are both symbionts and food and have never been found apart from their nematode hosts.

The larval body is preserved from invasion by other bacteria by antibacterial compounds produced by the nematodes, to which its own symbiotic bacteria are resistant.

When the nematodes reproduce, thousands of juveniles leave to locate new larval hosts, carrying some of the bacteria in their own gut.

The ability of these nematodes to kill insect larvae has not been overlooked by the global agricultural community (12, 13). Species from 2 genera of insect-parasitic nematodes, Steinernema and Heterorhabditis, are sprayed on crops around the world to control the larvae of plant-eating insects and are valued as natural biological pesticides.

Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent). 2000 July; 13(3): 217–226.  MPMID: MPMID: PMC1317043

Evolving together: the biology of symbiosis, part 1  Gregory G. Dimijian, MD1

1From the Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas.

Corresponding author: Gregory G. Dimijian, MD, 3277 Brincrest Drive, Dallas, Texas 75234 (dimijian@home.com ).


Symbioses, prolonged associations between organisms often widely separated phylogenetically, are more common in biology than we once thought and have been neglected as a phenomenon worthy of study on its own merits. Extending along a dynamic continuum from antagonistic to cooperative and often involving elements of both antagonism and mutualism, symbioses involve pathogens, commensals, and mutualists interacting in myriad ways over the evolutionary history of the involved “partners.” In this first of 2 parts, some remarkable examples of symbiosis will be explored, from the coral-algal symbiosis and nitrogen fixation to the great diversity of dietary specializations enabled by the gastrointestinal microbiota of animals.

 Derived from the Greek word for living together, symbiosis refers to a close and prolonged association between 2 or more organisms of different species that may last for the lifetime of 1 or all “partners.” The definition of symbiosis is not universally agreed upon; in this review, it will be considered in its broadest sense, encompassing associations varying widely in intimacy and types of interaction. Symbioses can be mutualistic (all partners benefiting), commensalistic (one benefiting and the others unharmed), or parasitic, although many symbiotic associations are complex or poorly understood and do not fit neatly into 1 category (1). A continuum can be envisioned that spans a dynamic bridge from antagonism to cooperation. Relationships may shift gradually or abruptly along the continuum (Figure (Figure11).